Is the President the only impeachable public officer in the Philippines?

By now, it is already of common knowledge that the Philippine President may be removed from office by impeachment and conviction for culpable violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, or betrayal of public trust.

In fact, just recently, several impeachment complaints were filed against the President.

But is the President the only impeachable public officer in the Philippines?

The answer is “no.” Aside from the President, there are other public officers who may be removed from office by impeachment. And these are:

1. The Vice-President; 2. The Members of the Supreme Court; 3. The Members of the Constitutional Commissions; and, 4. The Ombudsman.

The “Members of the Supreme Court” refer to the Chief Justice and the fourteen Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.

While the “Constitutional Commissions” refer to the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit.

The list is exclusive. And this means that “all other public officers and employees” may be removed from office as provided by law but not by impeachment.

[References: Section 2, Article XI (Accountability of Public Officers), Section 4 (1), Article VIII (Judicial Department) and Section 1, Article IX (Constitutional Commissions) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution/Author’s Note: This was first posted on the Internet on August 14, 2014]

 

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